Glossary of Terms

CMHC

The term “Affordable Housing” is often confused with Social Housing programs, which is subsidized housing for low income households.[/acc-cont]

Alternative Transportation

Modes of transportation that are alternatives to travel by a single occupancy vehicle, including riding transit, walking, cycling, and carpooling. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Brownfield

Abandoned, idled or underused industrial and commercial sites, where expansion or redevelopment is complicated by real or perceived environmental contamination. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Average Home Price in Winnipeg

Average annual residential price in Winnipeg in 2016: $284,610

economicdevelopmentwinnipeg.com

Combined Sewers

Combined sewer systems are sewers that are designed to collect both land drainage (rainwater and snowmelt) and wastewater (sewage from homes and businesses) in the same pipe. Most of the time, combined sewer systems transport all of the land drainage and wastewater to a sewage treatment plant, where it is treated and then discharged to the river. There are approximately 1,037 kilometres of combined sewers in the city, which is 31% of the total sewer system. Typically, they were built before the 1960s and serve older areas of the city.

https://www.winnipeg.ca/waterandwaste/sewage/combinedSewerOverflow.stm

Commercial

Commercial and/or retail includes: grocery & food (e.g. grocery stores, restaurants), general merchandise (e.g. recreation, departments stores, financial services, personal services) and transportation (e.g. car show rooms, gas stations). (Complete Communities Glossary)

Community

A group of people with similar or shared culture, concerns or geography. (Complete Communities Glossary

Community Committee

The City of Winnipeg has five community committees that are comprised of three councillors, each representing one of three wards within the Committee’s boundaries.

The five Community Committees are:

  • Assiniboia Community Committee
  • City Centre Community Committee
  • East Kildonan-Transcona Community Committee
  • Lord Selkirk-West Kildonan Community Committee
  • Riel Community Committee

Complete Communities

Complete Communities is one of four Direction Strategies supporting OurWinnipeg. It represents more than two years of research and analysis about what should be part of a ‘state of the art’ land use and development plan.

The result, an innovative, practical “playbook” guiding land use and development in Winnipeg was born from this background work and an intensive, 6 month drafting process that involved a significant cross-section of Winnipeg’s Public Service with support from a variety of stakeholders.

To read through the complete document visit: Complete Communities

Compact Growth / Compact Development / High Density

A term used to describe efficient development that minimizes the spatial use of land. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Councillors

Councillors are elected to represent an individual ward within the City of Winnipeg The composition of City Council is legislated under Part 3 of The City of Winnipeg Charter and consists of 15 Councillors and the Mayor.

Councillors have a dual role: they are members of Council (dealing with decisions affecting the whole city) and members of the Community Committees (dealing with local community issues).

Concept Plan

A Concept Plan is similar to an Area Structure Plan/ Secondary Plan/Local Area Plan, but is not a statutory document and may not have the same level of detail as any of these other types of plans. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Corridors

Corridors serve as city routes, connecting neighbourhoods and transporting people, goods and services.

There are three main types of corridors, corresponding to their intended scale of development intensity. Ordered from most to least intensely developed, they are:

  1. Regional Mixed Use Corridors
    Regional Mixed Use Corridors are specifically designated, major regional arterial roads intended to serve as a link between Downtown and one or more Regional Mixed Use Centres or major activity areas.
  1. Community Mixed Use Corridors
    Community Mixed Use Corridors provide the opportunity to complete communities; areas of mixed use will largely be concentrated here. In order to accommodate the city’s anticipated increases in residential, commercial and employment densities, Community Mixed Use Corridors will experience a fairly significant amount of change: existing corridors will be enhanced and new corridors will be built in New Communities as community hubs.
  1. Neighbourhood Mixed Use Corridors
    Neighbourhood Mixed Use Corridors are local collector streets that accommodate retail and mixed use forms in small clusters with low to medium density housing located between the clusters. In contrast to Community Mixed Use Corridors, these Corridors tend to be located within the neighbourhood level and allow for specific neighbourhood focal points serving the local population.

Density / Densification

In a planning context, density usually refers to the number of dwelling units, square metres of floor space, or people per acre or hectare of land. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Development Plan

A development plan sets out the goals, policies and guidelines intended to direct all physical, social, environmental and economic development in a city now and into the future. All other plans and council decisions must conform to it. In Manitoba, the Planning Act requires all municipalities to prepare a development plan. Development plans are also known as official plans, comprehensive plans or general plans. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Development Agreement

This is an agreement between the city and the developer, outlining the developer’s responsibilities. In the case of a typical development, the development agreement will require the developer to install roads, sewers, storm drainage, underground services, water mains, sanitary sewers, curbs, sidewalks, street lighting, traffic control devices and signage, required flood protection and other amenities in the subdivision. This is all at the developer’s cost. The developer may also be required to set aside land for public parks and landscape the parks. Additionally, the developer may be required to set aside land for public school sites for purchase by the Province.

Source: Page 13, \\WPGFS165\Land\UDI\2017-18 UDI Impact Fee Plan\Impact Fee – Legal\Fillmore Riley Impact Fee work (Qualico v City of Wpg)\Affidavit Eric Vogan\Affidavit Filed

Development Agreement Parameters

The purposes of the Development Agreement Parameters are to ensure that all parties pay their equitable share of the costs of development that development agreement obligations are consistent for all developments and that development occurs in accordance with current City of Winnipeg construction specifications.

For more information visit: Development Agreement Parameters

Frontage Levies

Under Section 432(1) of the City of Winnipeg Charter, Council may by by-law impose frontage taxes, which must be charged separately and apart from other taxes on real property.

To learn more about how these are calculated visit: Front Levies

Greenfield / Greenfield Development

Used in construction and development to reference land that has never been used (e.g. green or new), where there is no need to demolish or rebuild any existing structures. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Greyfield / Greyfield Development

A term used to describe declining / underutilized shopping or institutional centres that often pose significant redevelopment potential. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Housing Types

  • Single family
  • Multi-family
  • Ground Oriented

Impact Fees / Impact Fee Bylaw

An impact fee is one of several tools a city can use to fund the costs of a growing city. An impact fee can help ensure that growth does pay for growth. It recognizes that new or expanded infrastructure is required to accommodate growth throughout Winnipeg and imposes some of the costs of this infrastructure on the properties that benefit from the new or expanded infrastructure.

The impact fee by-law of The City of Winnipeg will impose fees on new development to assist with the costs associated with accommodating and managing growth and development.

winnipeg.ca

Infill / Infill Development

A type of development occurring in established areas of the city.  Infill can occur on long-time vacant lots, or on pieces of land with existing buildings, or can involve changing the land use of a property from one type of land use to another. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Intensification

A term that refers to the development of a site at higher densities than what currently exists. This includes the development of a vacant/underutilized site (including greyfields and brownfields) or the expansion/conversion of an existing building. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Major Redevelopment Sites

Large, functionally obsolete or underutilized lands, such as former industrial areas.

They are often located adjacent to existing communities along rail lines, major corridors or rapid transit corridors. Although existing infrastructure is often insufficient for immediate redevelopment, these areas present opportunities for strategic mixed use infill and intensification in existing urban areas. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Mixed Use Development

The development of a piece of land, building or structure that includes two or more different land uses, including residential, office, retail or light industrial. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Our Winnipeg

The City of Winnipeg has begun a process to review and update OurWinnipeg, which is intended to guide everything the City does. It provides a vision and policies that influence the delivery of City services, how we get around the city, and decisions about how the city grows.

OurWinnipeg/

Property Taxes

Property taxes are based upon a realty assessment as estimated by the City of Winnipeg. It is based upon their estimate of general market value of your home as of the last general assessment. A mill rate is applied to the assessment and taxes are determined. Further information is available at the City of Winnipeg website

Road Classifications

  • Provincial Truck Highway
  • Provincial Roads
  • Major Arterials
  • Minor Arterials
  • Collector
  • Local

Social Housing

The Social Housing Rental Program (SHRP) is the primary and largest program delivered by Manitoba Housing. The program provides low-income Manitobans in the greatest need with subsidized housing.  Manitoba Housing provides a range of quality housing such as apartments, townhouses, duplexes and houses for individuals, families and seniors. www.gov.mb.ca page

Suburb

A smaller community to that is either adjacent to or within commuting distance of a larger city. Example: Mississauga is the suburb to Toronto.

Suburb – Definition

Sprawl

The uncontrolled expansion of urban areas.

Sprawl – Definition

Sustainability

According to the 1983 United Nations Brundtland Commission, the preeminent standard in the definition of sustainable development, it is “development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” While the term is most associated with its environmental implications, it also has economic and social implications as well.

UN 1983 Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development, aka the Brundtland Commission:  un-documents.net/ (Complete Communities Glossary)

Sustainability Indicators

Measurement tools that communities clarify progress in its attainment of social/cultural, economic and environmental sustainability. Sustainability indicators must be relevant, easy to understand, reliable and based on accessible data. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Transportation Plan

The purpose of a transportation plan is to present a long-term strategy to guide the planning, development, renewal and maintenance of a multi-modal transportation system in a manner that is consistent with projected needs and aligned with a city’s growth and the overall vision for a sustainable region.

Unicity Act

In 1971, The City of Winnipeg Act incorporated the rural municipalities of Charleswood, Fort Garry, North Kildonan and Old Kildonan; the Town of Tuxedo; the cities of East Kildonan, West Kildonan, St. Vital, Transcona, St. Boniface and St. James-Assiniboia; the City of Winnipeg, and the Metropolitan Corp. of Greater Winnipeg into one city. On Jan. 1, 1972, Unicity was legally born.

Walkability

Walkability is a measurement of how conducive a place is to walking. This includes the physical nature of a place and other factors, such as safety and perceived enjoyment. Walkability is influenced by several factors including proximity to one’s destination (for example work or school), the quality of pedestrian facilities, availability of parks and public spaces, urban density, mixture of uses and the presence of a defined urban centre. (Complete Communities Glossary)

Wards

An administrative division of a city or borough that typically elects and is represented by a councillor or councilors. For a list of Winnipeg’s wards: Winnipeg Council Ward Map

Zoning

Zoning classifies a city’s land into specific “zones” that regulate the use, size, height, density and location of buildings and activities permitted in them. These zones are set out in zoning by-laws, as required in Winnipeg, by the City of Winnipeg Charter Act (see City of Winnipeg Charter). (Complete Communities Glossary)

Additional Definitions

Planned Growth

Housing Stock / Supply

Funding

Growth

Growth Development Charge

Housing

Average New Build Price in Winnipeg

Supply forecast

Regional enabling infrastructure

Major Corridors